Improve Vocabulary

When I read some editorials in “The Indian Express”, particularly by people like Pratap Bhanu Mehta, I do not understand the meaning of certain words. There is a need for me to learn their meaning to comprehend what is being written and moreover to add these words to my vocabulary. I have explained my methodology for the same below.

Word: Federation

Meanings:

  • relating to a central government, not a state or local government
  • Having or relating to a system of government in which several states form a unity but remain independent in internal affairs.
  • Differences between federation and confederation:
Federation Confederation
An organization of sovereign states governed by a central power An organization of sovereign and self-governing states
Membership is not voluntary Membership is voluntary
Member states cannot easily leave the federation Member states can break away from

the confederation

Authority and power distributed as per the constitution Confederate government has limited

and weak powers

Sentences:

  • In a federal system, power is divided between the central government and its member states, allowing the latter a degree of self-governance.
  • The US currently holds the distinction of being the oldest continuing federation, and is seen as a role model of this political system.
  • After great deliberations, the foundations of the Indian Federation were laid, as envisaged under the Constitution Act of 1935 and its structure was erected after the Canadian pattern.
  • The constituent units of the Indian Federation have no right to secede from it.
  • India is a federation with a strong centre.

Word: Sceptic

Meanings:

Sentences:

  • I am sceptic about the efficacy of the medicine being promoted by Ramdev as a cure for Covid-19.
  • The Indian farmers are sceptic about the new farm laws brought by the government.
  • A rationalist will often look at ancient beliefs with skepticism.

Word: Opportunist

Meanings:

Sentences:

  • Maradona had scored a famous opportunistic goal against England in a World Cup match.
  • Bringing in the new farm laws was an opportunistic move by the Indian government.
  • Creation of PM CARES fund was an opportunistic move by the Indian government.
  • Opportunists focus more on the ends rather than the means to achieve them.

Word: Propitious

Meanings:

Sentences:

  • The batsman made a propitious start.
  • The recent farm laws enacted by the India government are being promoted as being propitious.
  • The old veteran did not show enthusiasm for the propitious idea given by the young worker.
  • The mother was relieved to get the propitious news of her son’s recovery.

Word: Gregarious

Meanings:

Sentences:

  • The gregarious birds flock together.
  • The gregarious commander was loved by his juniors.
  • Having a gregarious disposition, the teacher detested isolation.
  • Being gregarious, he made friends quickly in the new country.

Suggestion

 

This methodology works for me and I hope it will work for you too. Please do try!

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