When I read some editorials in “The Indian Express”, particularly by people like Pratap Bhanu Mehta, I do not understand the meaning of certain words. There is a need for me to learn their meaning to comprehend what is being written and moreover to add these words to my vocabulary. I have explained my methodology for the same below.
- relating to a central government, not a state or local government
- Having or relating to a system of government in which several states form a unity but remain independent in internal affairs.
- Differences between federation and confederation:
|An organization of sovereign states governed by a central power||An organization of sovereign and self-governing states|
|Membership is not voluntary||Membership is voluntary|
|Member states cannot easily leave the federation||Member states can break away from
|Authority and power distributed as per the constitution||Confederate government has limited
and weak powers
- In a federal system, power is divided between the central government and its member states, allowing the latter a degree of self-governance.
- The US currently holds the distinction of being the oldest continuing federation, and is seen as a role model of this political system.
- After great deliberations, the foundations of the Indian Federation were laid, as envisaged under the Constitution Act of 1935 and its structure was erected after the Canadian pattern.
- The constituent units of the Indian Federation have no right to secede from it.
- India is a federation with a strong centre.
- a person who doubts the truth or value of an idea or belief
- A person inclined to question or doubt accepted opinions.
- I am sceptic about the efficacy of the medicine being promoted by Ramdev as a cure for Covid-19.
- The Indian farmers are sceptic about the new farm laws brought by the government.
- A rationalist will often look at ancient beliefs with skepticism.
- someone who tries to get power or an advantage in every situation
- a person who takes advantage of every chance for success without thinking about the effects on other people
- Maradona had scored a famous opportunistic goal against England in a World Cup match.
- Bringing in the new farm laws was an opportunistic move by the Indian government.
- Creation of PM CARES fund was an opportunistic move by the Indian government.
- Opportunists focus more on the ends rather than the means to achieve them.
- likely to result in success, or showing signs of success
- auspicious, bright, encouraging, fair, golden, heartening, hopeful, likely, optimistic, promising, rosy, upbeat.
- The batsman made a propitious start.
- The recent farm laws enacted by the India government are being promoted as being propitious.
- The old veteran did not show enthusiasm for the propitious idea given by the young worker.
- The mother was relieved to get the propitious news of her son’s recovery.
- The gregarious birds flock together.
- The gregarious commander was loved by his juniors.
- Having a gregarious disposition, the teacher detested isolation.
- Being gregarious, he made friends quickly in the new country.
This methodology works for me and I hope it will work for you too. Please do try!