Aerobic, anaerobic and yoga exercises for fitness

Aerobic, anaerobic and yoga exercises for fitness

Holistically speaking there are 3 dimensions of physical exercises- “Aerobic”, “Anaerobic” & “yoga type or flexibility” exercises. All  are important and should be included in a balanced exercise program.

“Cardio” or “Aerobic” exercises, like jogging, cycling, etc provide following major benefits:
  • Improve the muscles involved in respiration, to facilitate the flow of air in and out of the lungs
  • Strengthen and enlarge the heart muscle, to improve its pumping efficiency and reduce the resting heart rate, known as aerobic conditioning.
  • Improve blood circulation efficiency and reduce blood pressure.
  • Increase the total number of red blood cells in the body & facilitate transportation of oxygen to cells.
  • Improve mental health, to include stress reduction and lowering the incidence of depression, as well as increased cognitive capacity.
“Anaerobic” or strength building exercises like pushups, squats & weight training provide following major benefits:
  • Build & maintain lean muscle mass.
  • Prevent health problems- like low back ache, arthritis, & so on.
  • Increase & maintain bone strength & density.
  • Boost metabolism.
  • Improve posture & appearance.
“Flexibility” or “Yoga” type exercises provide the following major benefits:
  • Improve blood circulation- thus increase the blood flow and supply of nutrients to muscles and cartilage.
  • Improve flexibility.
  • Increase range of motion.
  • Reduce physical & mental stress.
  • Alleviate lower backache.

Two major principles of exercising are: regularity & variety. These must be obeyed.


Understanding and proper utilization of  the 3 dimensions of exercising, viz-aerobic, anaerobic and yoga is vital  for balanced and long term fitness.

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