Draft National Education Policy 2016
This is a guest blog by Vikram. Right to education is a fundamental right in India. NCERT is the apex body for education in India.
Education in India is provided by public and private sector schools in the ratio of 7:5. The quality of education being imparted by public schools leaves much to be desired.Education is vital to enhance India’s global competitiveness. Education system needs reforms to make it globally competitive, reduce students’ stress and focus more on practical knowledge. Highlights of the Subramanian Committee report on the Draft National Education Policy 2016 are discussed in this blog.
The committee submitted its proposal to HRD Ministry on 17th June 2016. It is a 200 page report containing 90 suggestions. Salient ones are:
- No detention up to class V and restoration of detention at the upper primary stage.
- Class X exams to be held at two levels, particularly for Math and Science, to ease the stress on students who do not wish to pursue these subjects further.
- Conduct National level test after class XII, similar to SAT in USA, to replace various entrance exams for admission in college.
- Realizing the importance of English. The report recommends that If the medium of instruction up to primary level is the mother tongue or local or regional language, then the second language will be English.
- An important suggestion is to overhaul regulators such as UGC, inculcating values and nationalist pride in school students.
- In order to improve the quality of education, the committee recommended compulsory quality audit for higher educational institutes every 3 years.
- The committee has proposed to allow foreign universities to set up campuses in the country in collaboration with Indian institutes.
- Facilities for teaching Sanskrit at school and University will be offered more liberally.
- Education Commission will be set up every 5 years to identify new areas of knowledge, pedagogic, curricular and assessment reforms at global level.
- It proposed raising the investment in education from the existing 4.9 % to 6% of GDP.
- The need for introducing sports facilities in education centers and importance of physical development for students. Further, it proposed to introduce compulsory Yoga in all public and private schools all over the country.
- The aspects recommended by the Committee will be beneficial to remove stress and add value to the education system.The HRD Ministry will now study the proposals and based on the same, formulate the National Education Policy 2016.
- The report is in the public domain for comments.
- The draft policy is apparently fine. The major problem in the education system is in the execution which has to be resolved by concerted efforts made by the states as well as the center.
- The major problems which need urgent resolution are:
- Poor quality of teachers.
- Corrupted education system- rampant cheating in exams, manipulation of selection tests.
- Bridging the gap between requirements of the corporate and the education industry.