Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS): NAVIC
This is a guest blog written by Shrikant for No Frills Academy.
NAVIC Success of ISRO
The Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System or IRNSS with an operational name of NAVIC (Navigator in Hindi) is an Indian developed GPS that will be used to provide accurate (nearest 20 m) real-time positioning services over India and region extending to 1500 km around India. The fully deployed NAVIC system will consist of 7 satellites, approximately 36,000 km above the earth’s surface. The seventh satellite was launched successfully in Apr 2016. The full system will comprise of nine satellites, including two on the ground as stand-by. ISRO has again done India proud.
Need for IRNSS
The requirement of such a navigation system was vital as access to foreign GPS is not guaranteed in hostile situations, as happened to the Indian military depending on the US GPS during the Kargil War.
Utility of NAVIC
NAVIC would provide two services, with the Standard Positioning Service open for civilian use, and the Restricted Service (an encrypted one) for authorized users (including the military). NAVIC, just like the other well known GPS has vast strategic, military and commercial utility.
Technology Prowess/ Revenue Earning Potential
Once NAVIC is declared operational India will join US, EU, China and Russia as the few nations having their own Navigation Satellite Systems.
GPS is much in demand all over the world and the concept of use of compass for navigation is getting outdated. Hence this technology has good revenue earning potential from domestic users as well as foreign exchange from neighbouring countries.