Indoor Pollution

Indoor Pollution – an Additional Misery

This is a guest blog by Akash.

We often hear of climate change and rising pollution levels in the world. India is one of the leading polluters, primarily by using coal energy and reducing forest cover down to 24%. India does not have a coherent pollution control policy.

Pollution in general is widely discussed & even international meetings are held. Indoor pollution is also a big problem but is rarely discussed. In this blog I shall discuss indoor pollution.

Causes of Indoor Pollution 

Primary causes of indoor pollution in urban areas are electronic equipment and traditional cooking methods in rural areas.

The electricity used comes from burning coal as over 80% of India’s energy come from thermal, plants. This severely pollutes air causing generation of greenhouse gases which further lead to global warming.  

Needless to say the more the heat, the more use of these appliances will be there resulting in a never ending cycle.

In rural India, with nearly zero luxurious commodities we have a different set of problems. 

The use of “chullas” in kitchens has been a practice since centuries. The solid fuel burnt not only pollutes heavily but also degrades the health of the users. It causes severe respiratory problems. 

A study carried out recently found that among the households who have been benefited from Ujjawala Yojana in the states of UP, Bihar and MP as many as 85% have been using “chullas” to this date. 

This establishes failure of the government’s motive behind the scheme. Please read this:

https://www.inc.in/en/news/ujjwala-yojana-is-failing-and-the-pm-wouldnt-admit-it.

There is a lack of awareness and misconceptions. People believe that “chulla” made food is better. 

Solutions

The above stated reasons portray government failure as well as the will of the public to change. It was well said by Mahatma Gandhi that a government is the exact replica of public, if we want to change the authority then we must change ourselves first. 

Prominent solutions for these problems can be brought by simple reasoning at individual level. It will take efforts to choose the path of integrity but the small changes we bring would be exemplary for something big which we need desperately. The government should rectify the defects in the “Ujjwala” policy to increase the use of gas stoves from below 10% in rural India as of now.

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