NFA Blog Contest 2019 – Blog by Avinash Kumar rated as Second best blog by Col Nehru.
It was in the 17th century when through East India Company, Britishers start their rule in India, but with the huge Independence movement in 1857, it was formally being transferred to British Empire in the 18th century.
While Britishers start ruling at most of the parts of India during the 17th century but at the same time they started increasing their footprints across the different corners of Indian Subcontinents.
It was in 1826 when Britishers annexed the Northeastern part of India through Assam and had reached the Nagaland and had started controlling under their administration, being governed directly through the parliament of British like the other part of the country.
Now with response to the Indian Act of 1919 , Simon commission of 7 member was made whose basic responsibility was to increases the participation of Indians in Governance of British India by making certain amendments, while Simon was on their trip to various parts of country to get to know to make proper amendments on Indian act of 1919 , they were approached by Naga and they clearly told them as they want to be separate from entire Union.
When the Independence of India was certain, 1 day before Indian Independence, peoples from the Naga community announced their freedom on 14th Aug.1947 as a separate country.
While the whole Union of India got freedom, Part of Nagaland became the Union of India.
After this, a huge insurgency movement had been started in the part of Nagaland which was part of Assam at the time of Independence.
Many People of Naga were not ready to be a part of Union hence they started supporting the Insurgence movement and lots of Insurgent groups were formed in which the most prominent was NNC (Naga Nationalist Council), a political group with the objective to form autonomous Naga territory.
WHO ARE NAGAS?
Naga is the Ethnic group of the Northeastern part of India combines with part of Nagaland , Assam, Arunachal Pradesh, Manipur and part of Myanmar.
Just like Punjabis in part of Indian and Pakistan.
Now , NNC by the time of 1955, had emerged as one of the prominent insurgent group and had been demanding to form separate Naga Territory, they had been running a parallel Govt. including Defence, Home, Finance etc and had their own Army which on continuous basis ambushing on our Armed Forces lead to martyrdom of many .
Seeing insurgency on high, Indian Govt. had imposed Armed forces special power act in 1958 on the land of Naga to suppress insurgency and maintain law and order.
While for better management, a seperate Nagaland state had been formed in 1963 to restrict the insurgency to a particular radius.
After a long tussle between both, Shillong accord was signed between GOI and NNC which says:
1. Weapons need to be submitted by insurgents
2. Naga peoples respect the constitution of India
3. The framework will be made in the future
But it was not liked by many Insurgents and they formed their own group namely NSCN (National socialist council of Nagalim) to increase their cause which latter split with two groups NSCN(IM) and NSCN(K) ,while in 1997 a ceasefire agreement was signed between NSCN(IM) & Govt. of India while the group of NSCN(K) continues to be in the state of tussle with Indian Armed forces.
It was in 2015, when NSCN(K) ambushed the Indian Army’s Dogra Convoy in Manipur, and with that , We had launched cross border surgical strike in June 2015 in Myanmar clearing all their launch pads successfully, which we had witnessed at the starting of movie name URI: THE SURGICAL STRIKE.
While NSCN(K) always has the mindset of Anti Government, NSCN(IM) was a bit clear to had some framework with the Govt. so mutually fulfill the desire of Naga Peoples.
Hence, Government of India seeing the behavior of NSCN(IM) had earlier in 1997 made ceasefire with them and in 2015 ,the Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi had shown commitment to resolve these pending issue of more than 70 years and hence several meets had taken place in 2015 with the stakeholder of NSCN(IM) in Delhi and hence a Framework had been made between two groups to resolve this issue with mutual agreement, while the deals under this Framework remain secret and had never been spelled out in public.
Government of India had placed an Interlocutor Ex IPS officer and the Governor of Nagaland R N Ravi to hold the tals with NSCN(IM) on behalf of GOI and recently a several rounds of talks had been done to fix this problem permanently for which the due date set was 31st Oct. but because of mutual disagreement, it had not been reached .
Reasons For Not Having Mutual Agreement
During a series of talk before Oct., The leaders of NSCN were demanding a separate constitution for the people of Nagaland as well as a separate flag apart from a national flag just like was being with J&k.
But for this matter, we didn’t agree with their demand which was very natural.
As India took more than 70 Years, to abrogate the article 370, so the provision like for Nagaland cannot be justified as it weakens the sense of being Indian from a particular ethnic community and would make them alienated from rest.
As Indian views are clear regarding this , the constitution of India already had given special rights to Nagaland under Article 371(A) and no compromise could be administered on rights of separate Nationality or Flag.
What Is Article 371A?
The constitution of India had given special rights to Nagaland Under Article 371 A.
as per this,
1. Indian Parliament cannot interfere on any laws regarding Naga people without the permission of the state legislature of Nagaland.
2. All civil and criminal laws for Naga people will only govern as per Naga customary law not as per IPC.
3. No People Outside the state can own or Transfer any Land property.
4. For the District named TUENSANG, the entire administrations will be run by Governor of state and all rules will be made by Governor only.
Also by giving a special stature to any state means, 90% of Grant and a mere 10% of Loan has been given by the Central government.
While usual states enjoy the ratio of 70% loan and a mere 30% grant from Central.
So, this law already had given the state of Nagaland a special provision under the umbrella of the Indian Constitution, and Nagaland has been enjoying all benefits, hence there cannot be any point to give a separate and sovereign state for Naga people, a separate flag, etc.
Since, Naga feels their Ethnicity is a bit different from the rest of the country , the constitution had given them a special provision to safeguard their Ethnic cultures under Article 371 A.
Since it is the common saying Viz. India as India is a country of Multiple Culture , Ethnicity, Religion, Humongous Ethnicity exists in our country but still, the country remain as a single unit,
providing a separate identity apart from country would only worsen the situation in future and lead to even more insurgency in another part as well.
Hence, the Government is firm enough on their demand for not giving any separate flag or constitution to any part of the country would make India and Indians more United.
Hence the best way forward is to make a mutual deal with stakeholders of Nagaland Insurgent groups and stop this more than 70 years of insurgent problem in our North-Eastern part so that all State would prosper equally and contribute to national development.